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English Language Tips: Difference Between “Lend” and “Pay Back”

Today’s English language tip is: The difference between “Lend”, “Borrow” and “Pay back”

-Lend = prestar
-Loan = préstamo
-Borrow = pedir prestado
-Pay back = devolver
Ex:
So, if I lend you money, you borrow it from me and you must pay me back.
(Entonces, si yo te presto dinero, tú lo tomas prestado y debes devolvérmelo.)

-Cuando tomamos un objeto prestado, decimos “Give back” en vez de “pay back” para decir ‘devolver’
Ex: I borrowed his gloves and I have to give them back.


-Cuando devolvemos algo prestado a una institución, decimos “return”
Ex: I borrowed three books from the library and I forgot to return them.

English Language Tips: Difference Between “Ask” and “Tell”

Today’s English Language tip is:

– Cuando “ask” quiere decir ‘pedir’ y “tell” significa ‘decir’ siempre van con TO + VERBO EN INFINITIVO
Ex:
-Ask him to drive (Pídele que conduzca)
-Tell them to whisper (Diles que susurren)

-En negativa, existen 2 posibilidades:

1) Con la negativa ANTES del verbo “ask” o “tell”, tiene un significado
Ex: I am NOT asking you to go (No te estoy pidiendo que vayas)
[En este caso no opino, no digo nada al respeto]


2) Con la negativa DESPUÉS del verbo “ask” o “tell” tiene otro significado
Ex: I am asking you NOT to go (Te estoy pidiendo que no vayas)

English Language Tips: Saxon Genitive

Today’s English language tip: We’re using the Saxon Genitive -‘s- for possession when we talk about:

-People: Linda’s car. (El coche de Linda.)

-Animals: The cat’s paw. (La pata del gato.)

-Time: Yesterday’s mail. (El correo de ayer.)

•-‘s- is also used to talk about jobs and places where people work.

For example:
-I went to the doctor’s (doctor’s office). = Fui al medico. (no hace falta decir “doctor’s office” porque se entiende bien con decir “doctor’s”

-Go to the butcher’s (butcher shop). = Ve a la carnicería.


English Language Tips: Sayings with As…As

English Language Tips: Adjectives Ending in “ED” and “ING”

Today’s English language tip is the difference between the Adjectives that are finished in ED and ING.

-The adjectives finished in ED are used for temporary moments/moods/actions
Ex: I’m interestED in learning English. (Estoy interesado/a en aprender Ingles.)

-The adjectives finished in ING describe the character of a person/thing.
Ex: -He’s an interestING person. (El es una persona interesante.)
-The movie was very interestING. (La pelicula fue muy interesante.)

Also, be sure to check out:

English Language Tips: Meaning of the Word “Yet”

English Language Tips: Meaning of the Word “Yet”

Today’s English language tip is:

“Yet” quiere decir ANTES de la acción. Se utiliza en negativo y en la pregunta cuando esperas que la acción haya acabado o no haya empezado.

Ex:
-Have you eaten yet? (Has comido aún?)
-No, I haven’t eaten yet. (Aún no he comido)

“Already” es DESPUÉS de la acción.
Ex:
-I have eaten already. (Ya he comido.)

La Oración (The sentence)

Aprender Construir La Oración (The sentence)

aprender construir la oracion

Oración Afirmativa (Affirmative Sentence)
La oración afirmativa en inglés se compone de tres partes:

SUJETO + VERBO + NOMBRE, ADJETIVO, RESTO

Ejemplo:

– I live in Spain. (Yo vivo en España.)

En esta oración el sujeto es I (yo), el verbo es live (vivo) y el lugar donde yo vivo es in Spain (en España)

Más ejemplos:

– John has a dog. (John tiene un perro.)
– She feels sad. (Ella se siente triste.)
– We love wine. (A nosotros nos encanta el vino.)


Oración Negativa (Negative Sentence)
La oración negativa en inglés se construye dependiendo del verbo. Hay dos formas:

1. Con el verbo auxiliar to do en negativo más el verbo principal en infinitivo sin to.


!SUJETO + VERBO AUXILIAR TO DO + NEGATIVA NOT + NOMBRE, ADJETIVO, RESTO!


Ejemplos:

– I do not live in Spain. (Yo no vivo en España.)
En esta oración el sujeto es I (yo), el verbo auxiliar es do, la negativa es not (no) y el resto es in Spain (en España).

La forma corta será: I don’t live in Spain. (Yo no vivo en España.)

Más ejemplos:

– John does not (doesn’t) have a dog. (John no tiene un perro.)
– She does not (doesn’t) feel sad. (Ella no se siente triste.)
– We do not (don’t) like wine. (A nosotros no nos gusta el vino.)

2. Con el verbo auxiliar to be en negativo más el verbo principal en infinitivo sin to.


!SUJETO + VERBO AUXILIAR TO BE + NEGATIVA NOT + NOMBRE, ADJETIVO, RESTO!


Ejemplos:

– I am not Spanish. (No soy Español.)
En esta oración el sujeto es I (Yo), el verbo auxiliar es am, la negativa not (no) y el nombre es Spanish (español).

La forma corta será: I’m not Spanish. (Yo no soy español.)

Más ejemplos:

– Mark is not (isn’t) tall. (Mark no es alto.)
– They are not (aren’t) here. (Ellos no están aquí.)
– My family is not (isn’t) big. (Mi familia no es grande.)


Oración Interrogativa (Interrogative Sentence)
La oración interrogativa del inglés tiene dos formas justo como la oración negativa.

1. Con el verbo auxiliar to do y el verbo principal en infinitivo sin to.


VERBO AUXILIAR TO DO + SUJETO + VERBO PRINCIPAL + NOMBRE, ADJETIVO, RESTO


Ejemplos:

– Does John have a dog? (¿Tiene John un perro?)
En esta oración el verbo auxiliar es Does, el sujeto es John, el verbo principal es have (tiene), el nombre es a dog (un perro).

Más ejemplos:

– Does she feel sick? (¿Se siente ella triste?)
– Do we like wine? (¿Nos gusta el vino?)
– Do you want coffee? (¿Quieres café?)

2. Con el verbo auxiliar to be y el verbo principal en infinitivo sin to.


!VERBO AUXILIAR TO BE + SUJETO + NOMBRE, ADJETIVO, RESTO!


Ejemplos:

– Are you Spanish? (¿Eres español?)
En esta oración el verbo auxiliar es are, el sujeto es you (tú) y el nombre es Spanish (español).

Más ejemplos:

– Is Mark tall? (¿Es Mark alto?)
– Are they hee? (¿Están ellos aquí?)
– Is my family big? (¿Es mi familia grande?)


NOTA: Los verbos auxiliares to do y to be no se traducen por sí mismos. Ellos acompañan al verbo principal o a la negación not en el caso de la oración negativa.

VOCABULARY

The Numbers (Los Números)
Uno – One
Dos – Two
Tres – Three
Cuatro – Four
Cinco – Five
Seis – Six
Siete – Seven
Ocho – Eight
Nueve – Nine
Diez – Ten
Once – Eleven
Doce – Twelve
Trece – Thirteen
Catorce – Fourteen
Quince – Fifteen
Dieciséis – Sixteen
Diecisiete – Seventeen
Dieciocho – Eighteen
Diecinueve – Nineteen
Veinte – Twenty

Practice Your English Pronunciation with Tongue Twisters

Want to improve your pronunciation in English? It’s all about working the muscles in your mouth and tongue.

There are 36 muscles in your mouth and if you’re learning English, you wlll have to practicing using mouth muscles that most likely aren’t used much in your native language.

The best way to activate and train these mouth muscles is to practice English tongue twisters.

Tongue twisters are basically a set of words that sound similar that are designed to be a bit tricky to say and pronounce swiftly, smoothly and perfectly without pausing.

For example, try to say the sentence below. The goal is to say it out loud, perfectly pronouncing each word, and to say i the way through with messing it up.

“How can a clam cram in a clean cream can?”

How did you do? Did you mess up? Now try it again, but say it faster.

Did you get it? Now try this one-

“Willy’s real rear wheel”

Remember that the goal is to practice pronouncing these twisters perfectly. The more you practice this perfectly, the better your English pronunciation will be.

There are tons of tongue twisters that will help you improve your pronunciation and diction.

There are also specific tongue twisters for specific sounds you want to improve.

For example, if you want to practice on the “s” sound, you need to practice tongue twisters that have the “s” sound that are specifically designated to help you improve the way that you’re pronouncing your “s’s.”

Here’s tongue twister for the “S” sound-

“Santa’s Short Suit Shrunk”

 

Below is our complete list of tongue twisters to help you improve your pronunciation. If you know of any that you find useful and aren’t on this list, please add them to the comment section!

 

Betty Botter butter tongue twister

  • Betty Botter bought some butter
    But she said the butter’s bitter
    If I put it in my batter, it will make my batter bitter
    But a bit of better butter will make my batter better
    So ‘twas better Betty Botter bought a bit of better butter

 

Dense and Fleas tongue twister

  • Denise sees the fleece,
    Denise sees the fleas.
    At least Denise could sneeze
    and feed and freeze the fleas

 

Can tongue twister

  • Can you can a can as a canner can can a can?

 

Clam’s tongue twister

  • How can a clam cram in a clean cream can?

 

Good Cook Cooking Cookies tongue twister

  • How many cookies could a good cook cook If a good cook could cook cookies? A good cook could cook as much cookies as a good cook who could cook cookies

 

Editing tongue twister

  • Eddie edited it

 

Fish tongue twister

  • There was a fisherman named Fisher
    who fished for some fish in a fissure.
    Till a fish with a grin,
    pulled the fisherman in.
    Now they’re fishing the fissure for Fisher.

 

Fred fed Ted tongue twister

  • Fred fed Ted bread, and Ted fed Fred bread

 

Gargoyles tongue twister

  • Gobbling gargoyles gobbled gobbling goblins

 

Ice Cream tongue twister

  • I scream, you scream, we all scream for ice cream

 

“ick” sound tongue twister

  • Six sick hicks nick six slick bricks with picks and sticks

Leather weather tongue twister

  • Lesser leather never weathered wetter weather better

 

Luke Luck tongue twister

  • Luke Luck likes lakes.
    Luke’s duck likes lakes.
    Luke Luck licks lakes.
    Luck’s duck licks lakes.
    Duck takes licks in lakes Luke Luck likes.
    Luke Luck takes licks in lakes duck likes.

 

Mongols tongue twister

  • How many boards
    Could the Mongols hoard
    If the Mongol hordes got bored?

 

Peter Piper tongue twister

  • Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
    A peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked.
    If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers,
    Where’s the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked?

 

Santa tongue twister

  • Santa’s Short Suit Shrunk

 

Seventy seven tongue twister

  • Seventy seven benevolent elephants

 

Skunk on a stump tongue twister

  • A skunk sat on a stump and thunk the stump stunk, but the stump thunk the skunk stunk

 

Stu chews tongue twister

  • Stu chews shoes, should Stu choose the shoes he chews?

 

Sun shine soon tongue twister

  • We surely shall see the sun shine soon

 

Sushi chef tongue twister

  • So, this is the sushi chef

 

Susie sitting tongue twister

  • I saw Susie sitting in a shoe shine shop.
    Where she sits she shines, and where she shines she sits.

 

“Th” sound tongue twister

  • The thirty-three thieves thought that they thrilled the throne throughout Thursday

 

Three cheese freeze tongue twister

  • Through three cheese trees three free fleas flew.
    While these fleas flew, freezy breeze blew.
    Freezy breeze made these three trees freeze.
    Freezy trees made these trees’ cheese freeze.
    That’s what made these three free fleas sneeze.

 

Wheel tongue twister

  • Willy’s real rear wheel

 

Willy weary tongue twister

  • Willie’s really weary

 

Wish tongue twister

  • I wish to wish the wish you wish to wish, but if you wish the wish the witch wishes, I won’t wish the wish you wish to wish.

 

Woodchuck tongue twister

  • How much wood would a woodchuck chuck
    if a woodchuck could chuck wood?
    He would chuck, he would, as much as he could,
    and chuck as much wood as a woodchuck would
    if a woodchuck could chuck wood.

 

6 D Past Continuous (Pasado Continuous)

6D. Past Continuous (Pasado Continuo)

Affirmative Negative Interrogative
aprender pasado continuoI was eating I was not (wasn’t) eating Was I eating?
You were eating You were not (weren’t) eating Were you eating?

He/She/It was eating He/She/It was not (wasn’t) eating Was he/she/it eating?
We/You/They were eating We/You/They were not (weren’t) eating Were we/you/they eating?

Forma
Afirmativa: sujeto + el verbo to be en pasado + el verbo principal acabado en -ing.

Negativa: sujeto + was/were not (wasn’t/weren’t) + el verbo principal acabado en -ing.

Interrogativa: el verbo to be en pasado + el sujeto + el verbo principal acabado en -ing.

Usos:
– Para decir que estaba pasando en un momento concreto del pasado
Yesterday afternoon I was studying latin. (Ayer por la tarde estaba estudiando latín.)

– Para hablar que una acción larga estaba en proceso cuando paso una acción corta
She was studying when her mother came home. (Ella estaba estudiando cuando su madre llegó a casa.)

-Para hablar de varias acciones que pasaban simultáneamente en el pasado que van unidas por AS o WHILE
Jennifer was reading while her friend was driving the car. (Jennifer estaba leyendo mientras su amiga conducía el coche.)

Expresiones del Past Continuous
Last week (la semana pasada)
When (cuando)
While (mientras)
At 9 o’clock (a las 9)

VOCABULARY

Clothes  –  (La Ropa)
Sombrero  –  Hat
Gorra –  Cap
Capucha –  Hood
Casco –  Helmet
Bufanda –  Scarf
Corbata –  Tie
Sujetador –  Bra
Camiseta –  T-Shirt
Camisa –  Shirt
Blusa –  Blouse
Suéter –  Sweatshirt, Sweater, Pullover, Jersey
Vestido –  Dress
Traje –  Suit
Chaqueta –  Jacket
Abrigo –  Coat
Ropa interior –  Underwear
Pantalones cortos –  Shorts
Pantalones –  Pants
Vaqueros –  Jeans
Falda –  Skirt
Medias –  Stockings
Calcetines –  Socks
Zapatos –  Shoes
Botas –  Boots
Sandalias –  Sandals
Zapatillas –  Slippers